Russia’s Proton to Become Leader in Space Industry
Russia has performed the 400th launch of the Proton carrier rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome to orbit the Yamal-401 spacecraft on request of the Gazprom Space Systems. The Proton rocket is considered to be the leader in the number of commercial launches in the class of heavy launch vehicles. This was stated by Yury Bakhvalov, First Deputy Director General of the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.
“We have successfully conducted the 400th launch in the Proton history that includes the first launches of the two-stage version, Proton-K and Proton-M rockets. In 1965, the UR-500 two-stage launch vehicle put the Proton-1 scientific space station weighing 12.2 tons into orbit. The scientific equipment was used to study cosmic rays and interaction with the matter of ultrahigh-energy particles. The satellites were fitted with an ionization calorimeter, gamma-ray telescope and other instruments. Subsequently, the UR-500 has inherited the name of the spacecraft and became known as the Proton,” Mr. Bakhvalov said.